Course Title: Rural Urban Linkage

Course No.:  RDS 563

Nature of the Course: Theory                                                  Period per Week: 3

Year: First                                                                            Time per Period: 1 hour

Semester: Second                                                                             Total Period: 48

Level: MA

Course Objectives

The general objectives of the course are to acquaint the students with advance knowledge of rural urban linkage focusing on settlement system, to enable the students understanding and applying basic theoretical framework in rural/regional development plan and policies, to acquaint the students with knowledge of Technique and measure of rural urban relation and use them for rural development planning, to make students able to review the policy and programmes applied in Nepal to strengthen rural urban linkage.

Course Contents                                                                                        LH

Unit I: Conceptual Understanding of Rural Urban Linkage          12

1.1 Introduction to rural urban linkage

1.2 Conceptual Issues in rural urban linkage

1.3 Factors for evolution of early settlement

1.4 Historical development and change of settlement system in Nepal

1.5 Settlement pattern and ecological region of Nepal

1.6 Planning implication of dispersed and scattered settlement

1.7 Constraints of Rural Urban Linkage

Unit II: Theoretical Framework   for Rural Urban Linkage       16

2.1 Central Place Theory (Christaller)

2.2 Gateway Model

2.3 Urban Land Use Model (Von Thunen)

2.4 Spatial diffusion of innovation model (T. Hagerstrand)

2.5 Core-Periphery linkage model

2.6 Spatial development models (Growth Pole/Center, Aggropolitan Model, Service Center Approach, Market Center Approach)

Unit III: Measuring Rural Urban Linkage                                                      12

3.1 Urban Center Measure – Identification or urban/growth centers; Density and distribution measures; Centrality measures (Scalogram, infrastructure index, centrality Index, composite weighted index)

3.2 Hinterland Measure – Expected (natural, administrative and graphic- thiessen polygon and breaking point theory); Actual – origin and destination survey and mapping.

3.3 Urban Rural Linkage Measures – Spatial Interaction model; Flow model; Facility location measures; Relative measures of service accessibility.

Unit IV: Rural Urban Linkage Planning, Policy and Program                     8

4.1 Integrated rural urban linkage planning

4.2 Strategies to rural urban integrated development

4.3 Rural urban Linkage policy developments in Nepal

4.4 Program related to rural urban linkage: Past and Present such as RUPP, PPPUE, MEDEP, PAF


Potter, R.B, and Unwin, T. (1990). The Geography of Urban Rural Interaction in Developing Countries, Routledge.

Tacoli, C. (2002). Changing rural-urban interactions in sub-Saharan Africa and their impact on livelihoods: a summary, Rural-urban working paper 7, IIED, London.

Lynch, K. (2004). Rural Urban Interaction in the Developing World. Taylor & Francis, Science. Routledge Perspective on Development. London: Routledge.

Tacoli, C. (2006). The Earthscan Reader in Rural Urban Linkages, Earthscan, London: International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED).

Pradhan P.K and Routary, J. K. (1992). Market Center and Rural Development: A Study in Chitwan District, Nepal. Bangkok: Asian Institute of Technology

ESCAP (1979). Guideline for Rural Central Planning. New York: Economic and Social Commission on Asia and the Pacific.

Pradhan P.K. (2012). Urban Rural Relations and Rural Development in Developing World. Kathmandu: Quest Publication Pvt. Ltd.

Todaro, M. P. (1969). A Model of Labor Migration and Urban Unemployment in Less Developed Countries. The American Economic Review, Vol. 59 (1) 138-148.