Course Title: Development Practices

Course Code. RDS 410                                                                                                 Full Marks:  70

Paper: VI                                                                                                                   Pass Marks:  28

Year: Third                                                                                                       Teaching Hours: 105

Course Objectives

  • The objective of this course is to make students familiar with the approaches and strategies of development practices.
  • The objective of this course is to make the students well acquainted with the current status and programmes of social services, energy, finance and practices of development adopted in Nepal and the some SAARC countries.

Contents                                                                                                                                             TH

Unit-I: Introduction to Development Approaches                                                                         20

1.1 Community Development Approach

1.2 Basic Need Approach

1.3 Integrated Rural Development Approach

1.4 Right-Based Approach

1.5 Rural Livelihood Approach

1.6 Doubly Green Revolution

1.7 Human Development Approach

Unit-II. Strategies for Development                                                                                                10

2.1 State Led Strategy

2.2 Market Led Strategy

2.3 NGO Led Strategy

2.4 Community/People Led Strategy

Unit-III: Institutional Development in Nepal                                                                                  20

3.1 Evolution of Development in Nepal

3.2 Integrated Rural Development Programme (IRDP)

3.3 Small Farmer Development Programme (SFDP)

3.4 Remote Area Development Programme (RADP)

3.5 Community Forestry

Unit-IV: Social Services in Nepal (Programms and Current Status)                               15

4.1 Health

4.2 Nutrition

4.3 Education

4.4 Water and Sanitation

4.5 Social Security Fund

Unit-V: Financial Practices in Nepal                                                                                               15

5.1 History of Growth and development of financial sector in Nepal

5.2 Financial Management

5.3 Sources of Finance

5.4 Role of public and private sector in development (Agriculture and infrastructure)

5.5 Contribution of Cooperative in mobilizing local resources

Unit-VI: Technology and Energy                                                                                        15

6.1 Introduction to Technology and Energy

6.2 Energy and Development in Nepal

6.3 Energy Development Practices in Nepal (Role of AEPC)

6.4 Renewal Energy in Nepal

Unit-VII: Experience of Development Practices                                                                10

7.1 Bangladesh (Micro credit)

7.2 Bhutan (Chukha Project)

7.3 India (Green Revolution /Amul Dairy)

7.4 Pakistan (Aghakhan)

7.5 China (Green Development)

References

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Blackely, E. J. & Ted, K. B.(2003). Planning Local Economic Development: Theory & Practice. New Delhi: Vistar Publication.

Chambers, R. (1989). Rural development: Putting the last first. London: Longman Publishers.

Hada, G. B. (2061). Economic and Social Development in Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.

Hada, G. B.& Aryal B. (2004). Economics of Development and Planning in Rural Perspective. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar.

Higgins, B. (2001). Economic Development: Problems, principles and Practice. India. Human development reports (latest).

Kunwar, K. B. (2010). Rural Development in Developing Countries (2nd ed.). Kathmandu: Meena Prakashan.

Kunwar, K. B. (2003). The Himalayan Poverty: Prosperity through Rural Development. Kathmandu: Mina Prakashan.

Kunwar, K. B. (2064 B.S). Poverty and Community Development: Theory and Practice. Kathmandu: Meena Prakashan.

Mathema, K.  B. (2008). Economics of development. Kirtipur: New Hira Books Enterprises.

Ministry of Finance (Latest). Economic Survey of Nepal, 2014/15. Kathmandu: MoF.

Nepal, Ratna Mani (2012). An Overview of Rural Development Approach and Its Alternative Views in the Developing Countries. Nepalese Journal of Development and Rural Studies, (9) 1, 92-107.

Nepal, Ratna Mani and S. Guragai (2019). Development: Theories and Discourse. Kirtipur: New Hira Books

Rai, A (2017). Rural development: Theory and discourse. Kathmandu: Kasthamandap Pustak Ghar

Pieterse, J. N. (2010). Development Theory (2nd edition). New Delhi: Sage Publications.

Prasanna, C. (2006). Projects Planning, Analysis, Selection, Financing, Implementation and  Review(6th ed). New Delhi:Tata-McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Ltd.

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UNDP. (2014). Nepal Human Development Report, 2014; ‘Empowerment and poverty reduction’. Kathmandu: UNDP.

Van Der Ploeg et.al (2000). Rural Development: from Practices and Policies toward Theory. Sociologia Ruralis, (40), 4. Pp. 391-408.

William, A. T. & Christopher, A. J. (2011). Rural Development, Concepts and recent Approaches. India: Rawat Publications.