Course Title: Political Economy of Nepal

Course No.:  RDS 571

Nature of the Course: Theory and Practical                                       Period per Week: 3

Year: Second                                                                                      Time per Period: 1 hour

Semester: Third                                                                                   Total Period: 48

Level: MA

Course Objective

This course aims to apply political economic perspectives to development programs experienced over various periods in Nepal. The specific objectives are to a) delineate phases of development b) draw on the development perspectives, Institutions, and policies, and c) evaluate the strength and weakness of the political economic perspectives with respect to the real development outcome.

Contents                                                                                                                                LH

Unit I: Prelude                                                                                                             8

1.1 Overview of Pre-Rana Period

1.2 Rana Period (1846-1950)

1.2.1 Institutions and Policies of Isolationism

1.2.2 Community struggles and Government’s responses

1.3 Democratic Innovation (1950-1960)

1.3.1 First wave of modernization

1.3.2 Policies of future direction

Unit II: Experimentation with Panchayat (1960-1990)                              13

2.1 Land Reform

2.2 Industrialization

2.3 Regional development

2.4 Decentralization: Rhetoric and reality

2.5 National integration, Ethnicity, and Women

2.6 Education

2.7 Foreign aid

Unit III: Turning Points: Open Market Economy (1990-2000)                15

3.1 Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization

3.2 Foreign trade

3.3 Poverty reduction

3.4 Local development

3.5 Information and Communication technology

Unit IV: Inclusive Development (2000- )                                                                 7

4.1 Growth dilemma: What went wrong?

4.2 Unemployment, Inequality and Inclusive Development

4.3 Sharing resources among provinces and people


Aditya, A. (1999). Political economy of small states. Kathmandu: FES.

Bista, D. B. (2001).  Fatalism and development, Nepal’s struggle for modernization. Patna: Orient Longman.

Blaikie, P. M., Cameron, J. and Seddon, J. D. (2007). Nepal in Crisis: Growth and stagnation at the periphery. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.

Bongartz, H. and Dahal, D. (1996). Development studies: Self-help organizations, NGOs and civil society. Kathmandu: FES

Caddel, M. (2002). Education and change: A Historical Perspective on Schooling,

Development and the Nepali Nation-State.                                                   e1cbd0.pdf

Dibbya-Upadesh (Celestial advice).

Gurung, H. (1984). Nepal dimensions of development. Kathmandu: Sahayogi Press.

Gyanwaly, R.P. (Ed.) ( 2017). Political Economy of Nepal.     Kathmandu: Central Department of Economics, TU and FES.

Hagen, T. (2012). Decentralization and development; The role of democratic principles. Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar

Joshi, B. L. & Rose, L. E. (2007). Democratic innovations in Nepal; A case study of political acculturation. Kathmandu: Mandala Publications.

Khadka, N. (1994). Politics and development in Nepal: Some issues. New Delhi: Nirala Publications.

Koirala, B.P. ( 2014). Democracy indispensable for development (2nd edition). Kathmandu: BP Museum.

Mahat, R.S. (2005). In defense of democracy: dynamics and faults lines of Nepal’s political economy. India: Adroit Publisher.

Mersserschmidt, D. A. (1995).  Development studies: Bibliotheca Himalaya series IV, Vol 1. Kathmandu: EMR Publishing House.

Bhattachan, K. B. and Mishra, M. (Eds.) (2000).  Developmental Practices in Nepal. Kathmandu: Central Department of Sociology and Anthropology.

Mishra, C. (2013). Punjibad ra Nepal (In Nepali). Fine Print:  Kathmandu.

MoF (2017). Economic survey 2017/18. Kathmandu: MoF.

Nepal Human Development Reports 1998, 2004, 2014

Nepal Living Standard Survey Reports

Nepal, K. R. (2013). Samaj, sanskar ra shasan. Kathmandu: InLogas.

NPC (2014). An approach to the graduation from the least developed country by 2022. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission, Nepal.

NPC. (2013). Nepal millennium development goals progress report, 2013. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission, Nepal.

Pande, B. B. (2009). Tyas bakhatko Nepal (Part two, three & four). Kathmandu: Author.

Pandey, D. R. (2009). Nepal’s failed development: Reflections on the mission and the maladies (revised ed.). Kathmandu: Nepal South Asia Centre.

Pradhan, R.P (2005). The Ain of 1854 and after: Legal pluralism,  models of society and ethnicity in Nepal , November 2015 (Paper presented at the conference “Negotiating Ethnicity in Nepal’s Past and Present”, Kathmandu, September 12 – 14, 2005.) DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.2039.7529.

Pyakuryal, B. (2015). Nepal’s development tragedy: Threats and possibilities. Kathmandu: Fine Print.

Regmi, M. C. (1999). An economic history of Nepal, 1768-1846. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.

Sharma, G. N. (2000). Nepal: Missing elements in the development thinking. New Delhi: Nirala Publications.

Sharma, J. (2006). Nepal : Struggle for existence. Kathmandu: CommInc.

Shrestha, N.R. (1997).  In the name of development: A reflection of Nepal. Kathmandu: Educational Publishing House.

Thapa, K. B. (1995). Social, economic and administrative history of modern Nepal (2nd Edition). Kathmandu: Ratna Pustak Bhandar.

Thapa, K.B., Timilsina, P.  & Dahal, M.K.  (1994). Adhunik Nepalko arthik itihas (In Nepali). Kathmandu: Center for Nepal and South Asian Studies.

The constitution of Nepal 2015. (accessed 2/2/2016).

Treaty between the United Kingdom and Nepal: Together with not respecting the importation of arms and ammunition in to Nepal (1925). London: His Majesty Stationary Office. . (accessed 19/9/2015).

Varioius Periodic Plans (I to XIV)

Various Economic Survey Reports