Course Title: Natural Resource Management (NRM)-Optional

Course No.: RDS 583

Nature of the Course: Theory                                                          Period per Week: 3

Year: Second                                                                                   Time per Period: 1 hour

Semester: Fourth                                                                              Total Period: 48

Level: MA

Course Objectives

This course is prepared to impart students with the knowhow of environmental and natural resources. Specifically, this course acquaints students with theoretical and practical knowledge of natural resource management techniques and tools while working in the field of development.

Course Contents                                                                                                                 LH

Unit I: Concept of Natural Resources Management                                                         8

1.1 Concept Types and Status of Natural Resources

1.2 Environmental problem/crisis

1.3 Natural resource management and rural development

1.4 Different thought of Human-nature interrelationship (Determinism, Possibilism and Interactionalism)

Unit II: Issues of Natural Resource Management                                                              12

2.1 Water Induced Disaster and its Management

2.2 Land degradation: Causes and Consequences

2.3 Land Resource Use System: Shifting Cultivation, Transhumance and Integrated Farming System

2.4 Payment of Environmental Services

2.5 Reducing of Emissions from Deforestation and Forest Degradation (REDD)

Unit III: Approaches, Policy and Practices of Natural Resource Management             13

3.1 Water Related Policies in Nepal

3.2 Natural Resource Conflict Management

3.3 Wetland and watershed Management

3.4 Community based Natural Resource Management

3.5 Common Pool Resource Management (G. Hardin and Then after)

Unit IV: Techniques and Tools for Natural Resources Management                              15

4.1 Identification of key environmental issues and determination of priority order

4.2 DPSIR (Drivers-Pressure-State-Impact-Response) Analytical Framework

4.3 Environment Impact Assessment (EIA) and Social Impact Analysis (SIA)

4.4 Vulnerability Capacity Assessment

References

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Brower, B. (1990). Sherap of Khumbu: People, livestock and landscape. New Delhi: Oxford University Press.

Chhetri R. B. & Gurung O. (Eds.) (1999). Anthropology and sociology in Nepal. Kathmandu: SASON.

Disaster Review (current). Water induced disaster prevention technical centre (DPTC), Lalitpur, Nepal.

Environmental Protection Council (1993). Nepal environmental policy and action plan: Integrated environment and development. Kathmandu: National Planning Commission.

FAO (1976). A framework for land evaluation 1976. FAO

George, H, Stankey, Roger N, Clark, B & Bormann, T (2005). Adaptive Management of Natural Resources: Theory, Concepts, and Management Institutions. USDA.

ICIMOD/UNEP/MOEST. (2007). Kathmandu Valley Environment Outlook 2007. Kathmandu: ICIMOD.

Ives, J D & Messerli, B (1989). Himalayan dilemma: Reconciling development and conservation. London: Routledge.

Karkee, K., (2004). Land degradation in Nepal: A menace to economy and ecosystems international Master’s Programme in environmental science, University of Lund, Sweden.

Kenddeigh, S C (1980). Ecology: With special reference to animal and man. New Delhi: Prentice Hall of India.

Kunwar, K.J. (2008). Payment of Environmental Services: A case study of Shivapuri National Park, Kathmandu, Nepal. The Initiative 2008. Accessed from http://www.nepjol.info/index.php/INIT/article/viewFile/2525/2252

MoI (2006). Water induced disaster management policy. Kathmandu: Government of Nepal, Ministry of Irrigation.

MoWR. (2007). Development of database for irrigation development in Nepal. Lalitpur: Government of Nepal, Ministry of Water Resources, Department of Irrigation, Planning, Design, and Monitoring & Evaluation Division.

Ostrom, E. (1990). Governing the commons: The Evolution of institutions for collective action. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Pradhan, P.K & Pradhan, B. (2012). Environment and natural resources: Concepts, methods, planning and management. Kathmandu: Quest Publication.

Shukla et al. (1997). Participatory irrigation management in Nepal, Department of Irrigation, Kathmandu.

Stevens, S. F. (1993). Claiming the high grounds: Sherpas, submsistences and environmental change in the highest Himalaya. Berkeley: University of California Press.

UNEP (1997). Global environmental outlook. United Nations Environmental Programme (UNEP).

UNEP (2001). Nepal: State of the environment 2001. Bangkok: UNEP.