Course Title: Local Governance and Development

Course No.:  RDS 554

Nature of the Course: Theory                                                  Period per Week: 3

Year: First                                                                             Time per Period: 1 hour

Semester: First                                                                                 Total Period: 48

Level: MA

 Course objective

The course aims to acquaint students with the knowledge of local governance system in Nepal, decentralization system and practices; development administration and different development paradigms and their application in the field of rural development.

Course Contents                                                                                                                 LH

Unit I: Theories of Local Governance                                                                          18

1.1 Governance and Development

1.2 Local Governance and Central-Local Relations

1.3 Alternative Models of Local Governance and Central-Local Relations

1.4 Multilevel Governance (MLG)

1.5 Good Governance

Unit II: Decentralization for Rural Development                                         12

2.1 Decentralization and Local Governance Approach

2.2 Forms and Types of Decentralization

2.3 Practices of Decentralization

2.4 Principles of Federalism and Unitary System

2.5 Determinants of Federalism and Unitary System

Unit III: Local Governance System in Nepal                                                10

3.1 Structure of State and Distribution of State Power in Nepal

3.2 Interrelations between Federal, Provinces and Local Levels

3.3 Local Government in Nepal: Rural Municipalities, Urban Municipalities, District Coordination Committee (DCC) with special references of LSGA

3.4 Power/Jurisdictions of Local Level Government

3.4 Roles of Various Constitutional Commissions (e.g., Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority) in Good Governance

3.5 Role of Different Stakeholders (Development Partners, Market, Civil Society/ NGOs, CBOs) in Good Governance

3.6 Measuring Social Accountability

Unit IV: Development Administration                                                                          10

4.1 Introduction to Development Administration

4.2 Approaches to Development Administration

4.3 Dimensions, Functions, Priorities and Characteristics of Development Administration

4.4 Development Administration in Nepal:  Practice, Challenges and Prospects


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Basu, D.D. (2008). Comparative federalism. Nagpur: Wadhwa and Company.

Bhatta, B.D. (1990). Decentralization in Nepal. New Delhi: Reliance Publication.

Chhotray, Vasudha & Gerry Stoker (2009). Governance theory and practice: A cross-disciplinary approach. UK: Palgrave Macmillan

Commeson, N.T. (2004). Civil society and social movement. New Delhi: Sage publication.

Dahal, D.R. (1994). Decentralization and development in Nepal. Kathmandu: NEFAS

Dahal, R.K. (2005). Rural development politics in Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bandar.

Dahal, R.K.  & Kharel, S. (2008). Local governance and political economy of Nepal. Kathmandu: Dikshanta Pustak Bhandar

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MIREST Nepal, (2013). Local Government in Nepal Series 1 and 2. Lalitpur: MIREST.

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Law Book Management Board (LBMB) (2015).  Nepal constitution 2015. Kathmandu: LBMB

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Publications of Transparency International Nepal (2014). National integrity system assessment Nepal 2014. Kathmandu: Transparency International Nepal

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