Course Title: Gender and Development

Course No.: MRD 574

Nature of the Course: Theory Period                                     Per Week: 3

Year: Second Year                                                                       Per Period: 1 hour

Semester: Third                                                                         Total Period: 48

Level: MA

Course Objectives

The course begins with theoretical approaches to gender and development, development theory, and feminist critiques. Then it turns to specific substantive areas of discussion. Such areas of discussion include examining gender and social development from both an analytical and a practical perspective. It explores the historical roots of academic and policy interest in these matters and considers why development and gender matters in the study of rural development. It examines different ways of analyzing population and gender relations and the relationship between academic and policy work in this field. It then investigates current thinking and concerns relating to the practice of population and social development and to the promotion of gender equality and women’s empowerment, and describes tools and frameworks to inform policy making and practice in the field.

Course Contents                                                                                                                 LH

Unit I: Concepts and Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development                 16

  • Concept of Sex and gender
  • Social construction of gender
  • Gender relationship and cross-Cultural practices
  • Influence on gender relation by religious ideology

1.5       Terminologies in women and gender studies (Patriarchy, feminism, gender equity and equality, discrimination, oppression and exploitation, violence, sub-ordination, emancipation)

1.6       Feminist movement: Nepal and Global (CEDAW, BPFA+ and SDGs)

1.7       Three waves of feminism

1.8       Feminist theories (Liberal, Marxist, Socialist, Radical, eco-feminism, Multicultural, Care-Focused Feminism, post feminism)

 

Unit II: Gender Analysis and Its Trends in Gender and Development                          14

2.1       Concepts, Tools and Exercises

2.1.1    Gender analysis concepts and principles

2.1.3    Harvard framework for gender analysis

2.1.4    Moser’s triple role and gender needs framework

2.1.5    Kabeer’s social relation framework

2.2       Trends in Gender and Development from WID WAD GAD

2.3       Fitting gender into development institutions and practices: Global and Nepalese perspectives

 Unit III   Gender Poverty and Its Measurements                                                              12

3.1       Understanding poverty from a gender perspective

3.2       Researching Poverty from Gender lenses

3.3        Gender, labour market and poverty

3.4       Concepts and Measurements of Gender Inequality

3.4.1 Roles, relations and responsibilities (Private vs Public),

3.4.2 Gender based violence- root to gender inequality

3.4.3 Concepts in measurement of gender equality/inequality: GDI, GII, GEM,

3.4.4 Women agency and social change (Kabeer and A. Sen)

Unit IV   Strategies for Gender and Development with Reference to Nepal                                                                                           8

4.1 Gender equity, equality and women’s empowerment- Nepalese practices

4.2 Gender mainstreaming: Nepalese practices

4.3 Gender aware policies and planning

4.4 Gender Auditing, budgeting/financing: Rationale, definitions, elements and tools

References:

Unit I: Readings

Beasley, Chris (2005). Introduction: Gender & Sexuality: Critical Theories, Critical Thinkers, SAGE Publications.

  1. Patricia Connelly, Tania Murray Li, Martha MacDonald, and Jane L. Parpart (2000)Feminism and Development: Theoretical Perspectives (Chapter 3), in Jane L. Parpart, M. Patricia Connelly, and V. Eudine Barriteau (eds.)Theoretical Perspective on Gender and Development. International Development Research Centre (IDRC) PO Box 8500, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Martin, C.L and L.M. Dinella (2001). Gender Development: Gender Schema Theory, in Worell, Judith (ed.), Encyclopedia of Women and Gender. Academic Press.

Reddock, Rhoda. (2000). Why Gender? Why Development? (Chapter 2) in Jane L. Parpart, M. Patricia Connelly, and V. Eudine Barriteau (eds.) Theoretical Perspective on Gender and Development. International Development Research Centre (IDRC) PO Box 8500, Ottawa, ON, Canada.

Stanford Encyclopaedia of Philosophy (2011). Feminist Perspectives on Sex and Gender (First published Mon May 12, 2008; substantive revision Mon Nov 21, 2011)

Unit II: Readings

Asian Development Bank. (2010). Overview of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in Nepal. Asian Development Bank.

Candida March, Ines Smyth, and Maitrayee Mukhopadhyay (1999). A Guide to Gender- Analysis Frameworks. Oxfam GB.

Drechsler, Denis, Johannes Jütting and Carina Lindberg. (2008). Gender, Institutions and Development: Better data, better policies, in Dag Ehrenpreis (ed.), Poverty in Focus: Gender Equality. International Poverty Centre, Number 13, January 2008.

Lewis, Stephen (2005). Women, Half the World, Barely Represented (Chapter 4), in Race against Time. www.aidsfreeworld.org › Our Issues › Women’s Rights.

Moser, Caroline O.N. (1998). Gender Planning in the Third World: Meeting Practical and Strategic Gender Needs. World Development, Vol. 17, No. 11. pp. 1799-1855.

Pradhan, Bina (2006). Gender and Human Development in Nepal, in Sriram Raj pande, S. Tropp, B. Sharma and Y.R. Khatiwada (eds.) Nepal: Readings in Human Development. Kathmandu: UNDP.

Razavi, S. (1997).  Fitting Gender into Development Institutions. World Development, Vol. 25, No. 7, pp. 1111-1125.

Razavi, S. and C. Miller (1995). From WID to GAD: Conceptual Shifts in the Women and Development Discourse.

Unit III: Readings

Asian Development Bank (2010). Overview of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in Nepal. Asian Development Bank.

Bardhan, Kalpana and Stephan, Klasen (1999). UNDP’s Gender-Related Indices: A Critical Review, World Development, Vol. 27, No. 6, pp. 985-1010.

Bhattacharya, Prabir C. (2006). Economic Development, Gender Inequality, and Demographic Outcomes: Evidence from India. Population and Development Review, Vol. 32, No. 2, pp. 263–291.

Chant, Sylvia (2003). New contributions to the analysis of poverty: methodological and conceptual challenges to understanding poverty from a gender perspective.

Kabeer, Naila (2008). Gender, Labour Markets and Poverty: An overview, in Dag Ehrenpreis (ed.), Poverty in Focus: Gender Equality. International Poverty Centre, Number 13, January 2008.

Morison, A., D. Raju and N. Sinha (2007). Gender Equality, Poverty and Economic Growth. The World Bank: Gender and Development Group, Poverty Reduction and Economic Management Network.

Sen, Amartya (2000). Women’s Agency and Social Change (Chapter 8), in Development as Freedom: Oxford University Press.

Sen, Gita (2008). Poverty as a Gendered Experience: The policy implications, in Dag Ehrenpreis (ed.), Poverty in Focus: Gender Equality. International Poverty Centre, Number 13, January 2008.

Summary of Current Theories Explaining Domestic Violence (institutefornativejustice.org/wp-content/uploads/2013/…/dvtheories.doc)

Theories used to explain male violence against women partners and ex-partners (www.scotland.gov.uk/resource/doc/925/0063072.pdf).

Unit III: Readings

Asian Development Bank (2010). Overview of Gender Equality and Social Inclusion in Nepal. Asian Development Bank.

महिला, बालबालिका तथा समाज कल्याण मन्त्रालय (२०६१) । लैङ्गिक समानता तथा महिला सशक्तीकरण राष्ट्रिय कार्ययोजना २०६१ ।

Holvoet, Nathalie (2006). Gender Budgeting: its Usefulness in Programme-based Approaches to Aid. Institute of Development Policy and Management, University of Antwerp.

Kabeer, N (1994). Gender-aware policy and planning: A social-relations perspective. Oxfam: Oxford.

Pradhan, Bina (2006). Gender and Human Development in Nepal, in Sriram Raj pande, S. Tropp, B. Sharma and Y.R. Khatiwada (eds.) Nepal: Readings in Human Development. Kathmandu: UNDP.

Seguino, Stephanie (2013). Financing for Gender Equality: Reframing and Prioritizing Public Expenditures to Promote Gender Equality, UN Women.

Sharp, Rhonda, Diane Elson, Monica Costa and Sanjugta Vas Dev (2009). Gender Responsive Budgeting in the Asia Pacific Region: the Case of Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal.