MA First Semester

Course Title: Development: Theory and Discourse

Course No.: RDS 551

Nature of the Course: Theory                                                           Period per Week: 3

Year: First                                                                                        Time per Period: 1 hour

Semester: First                                                                                 Total Period: 48

Course Objectives

The general objective of this course is to acquaint students with the theories and discourses of development. The specific objectives are; to trace the root of the concept development and rural development, to analyze shift in development thinking, to analyze the mainstream and alternative development theories and discourses, to get equip with different timelines of the ideas of rural development and to critically analyze the applicability of endogenous and alternative theories of rural development in the context of Nepal. It is expected that after completion of this course students will be able to relate theory of rural development in different contexts.

Course Contents                                                                                                                 LH

Chapter I: Origin of Development Concept                                                                6

1.1 Genesis of Development

1.2 Classical economics and development (Assumptions and critique)

1.3 Neo-classical economics and development (Assumptions and critique)

1.4 Paradigm shift in development thinking

1.4.1. Beginning of development era

Chapter II: Development Theories and Discourse                                                    20

2.1 Mainstream development theories (Modernization, Dependency/World   System Theory)

2.3 Alternative development theories (Sustainable development, Human       development and Inclusive development)

2.4 Post-development discourses

Chapter III: Rural Development: Concept and Theories                                        15

3.1 Origin of concept

3.2 Theories of rural development

3.2.1 Exogenous rural development (Concept of growth and mode of development)

3.2.2 Endogenous rural development (Growth pattern, resource utilization and actors)

3.2.3 Alternative rural development (Social justice, Equity, self-reliance and Third Worldism)

Chapter IV: Rural Development Timeline and Approaches                                   7

4.1 Rural development timeline after 1950s

4.2 Review of rural development approaches

4.2.1 Community development

4.2.2 Basic need approach

4.2.3 Integrated rural development approach

4.2.4 Right based approach

4.2.5 Rural livelihood approach


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Ellis, F. and Biggs, S. (2001). Evolving themes in rural development 1950s-2000s, In Development Policy Review, 19 (4), Pp.437-448. Available at <>.

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—————–(1962). Village swaraj. Ahmedabad: Navajivan Publishing House.

Galbraith, J.K. (1997). A History of Economics: The past as the present. London: Hamish Hamilton

Ghimire, A., Upreti, B.R. & Pokhral, S. (2010). Livelihood strategies of internally displaced people in Western Nepal: Some observations (Pp. 217-239). In Bishnu Raj Upreti and Ulrike Muller-Boker (Eds.). Livelihood insecurity and social conflict in Nepal. Kathmandu: Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South.

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Margarian, A. (June-July, 2011). Endogenous Rural Development: Empowerment or Abandonment? Available at <> Mathema, K.R.B. (2001). Strategies of rural development in Nepal: Some observations some thoughts. Kathmandu: Sita Devi Mathema

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